Even though Carl Jung was Sigmund Freud’s student, he followed his own path, after disagreeing with his teacher.
While Freud’s basic analysis concentrated on the sexual field, Jung paid attention to many other characteristics of the psychical world that could not be justified by Freud’s theories.
He concentrated his attention on the meaning of dreams, this way discovering the hidden code for their interpretation.
Carl Jung’s psychology is based on dream analysis, exactly because Jung managed to understand the mysterious dream language, and verified that the dream messages contain objective information about the dreamer and his or her objective reality.
They even show to the dreamer what the future development of his or her life will be depending on various factors, because the unconscious mind that produces our dreams possesses extraordinary wisdom.
Therefore, Jung concluded that the unconscious mind is a superior counselor that we should listen to, and further researched the content of the human psyche through dream interpretation.
He discovered the existence of various images that appear in dreams and in the artistic and religious manifestations of people that belong to different civilizations, through all historical times, which are the archetypes.
The archetypes define the most important aspects of human life and the necessary psychical transformation that the human being has to pass through in order to develop completely his personality.
Jung explained the unconscious mind in two parts:
– The personal unconscious
– The collective unconscious
The content of the personal unconscious belongs to the person’s life, like fears and traumas they have acquired because of their deceptions and sad experiences.
The content of the collective unconscious belongs to the human race and characterizes everyone. This is why the archetypes have an already known specific meaning that can help us understand what is happening with a person who is feeling depressed or having mental disturbances, when they appear in their dreams or artistic creations.
The most important archetypes are:
The Anima or Animus – They represent the perfect match for a man or a woman.
The Shadow – It represents the dark side of the human personality that did not develop like our conscious mind.
The Persona – It represents the social mask one wears in order to give a positive impression to their environment or to hide their real intentions.
We can understand our mistakes and learn how to solve our problems by following the instructions given to us in dream messages by the collective unconscious through the archetypes, since they reflect our own psychical content.
They belong to the human race because they reveal general truths, common obstacles, the common human attitude to all challenges of life, and other aspects that are part of everyone’s psychical transformation. Carl Jung
If a certain archetype appears in someone’s dream this means that it is reflecting the existence of a common mental illness in their psyche or a common social problem in their own lives.
After continuing Carl Jung’s research and simplifying his method of dream interpretation I realized that his conception about the personal unconscious was misleading, since the archetypes give us precious information about the personal life of the dreamer, even though using known images that appear in everyone’s dreams. Therefore, we don’t need to separate the unconscious mind into personal and collective.
What has to be separated is the wild side of the human conscience from the wise unconscious mind. Jung could not see the distinction between them because he had stopped his research in a certain point, accepting ignorance from that point and on.
Therefore, the human psyche is composed by
– The human conscience
– The anti-conscience or wild conscience
– The wise unconscious mind that produces our dreams
However, we should always remember with gratitude that Carl Jung discovered the right code for a perfect dream translation, even if he could not understand completely the functionalism of the dreaming system with the knowledge he had.